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24. Internet glossary

There is a wide range of words used on the Internet. Some of them have life cycles as short as ephemeral plants ; others are here to stay. Here is a selection obviously subjective, but hopefully lasting.

IP Address (internet protocol) : it’s a unique identification number assigned to each computer connected to a network using the HTTP (Hypertext transfer protocol) Internet protocol, or the communicating protocol used between the client (your web browser) and the server (the hosting service that manages the website’s pages).

CMS (content management system) : it’s some kind of software that manages a number of contents, contributors and digital applications, in a dynamic way in a web-based environment.

Data journalism : journalistic treatment of databases articulated around adequate statistical use validating a causality hypothesis so as to explain a phenomenon, followed by a pedagogic depiction of the results.

Fact checking : something we get from the States (and the New York Times in particular). It’s verifying all information brought back by a journalist (facts, quotes, times, places,etc.). By extension this system, which asks for readers’ contributions, also extends to politicians’ speeches, and any other newsmaker that publically quote facts as truths.

Internet provider : a company that offers an Internet access. Most Internet providers are companies specialized in telecommunications.

The Internet : coined at the end of the sixties, the term comes from “internetting”. The Internet is a network of networks, the World Wide Web being only one of these digital exchanges networks.

Live Blogging (LB) or Live Tweetting (LT) : a live event covering session, either on a news website (LB) or on Twitter (LT).

Network Neutrality : a term coined in 2003 by Tim Wu. Net Neutrality is a principle that prevents any discrimination towards the source, its destination and the content of the information circulating on the Web.

 Open Data : an influential philosophical movement that calls for free access to public data controlled by administrations and local authorities, considering the fact that such data is public service that should be made available to all web users.

Pure player : a website that has no link to any traditional media. Most pure players are built on the principle of closeness between journalists and their audience and the use of participatory journalism.

SEO (search engine optimization) : the range of editorial and technical processes that help improve search engines referencing.

Tags or hashtags : a collection of terms linked to editorial content that helps categorize articles, making semantic word search easier. The hashtag, symbolized by a # is Twitter’s version of a tag.